Learn about the symptoms of dengue fever in children and how to treat it


Dengue hemorrhagic fever or DHF is a disease that many children suffer from, especially in the rainy and transitional season. Warm air and lots of pools of water during the rainy season make it easier for the Aedes aegypti mosquito to reproduce.

In general, the symptoms of dengue fever are similar to those of a normal fever. However, if this disease is not treated immediately, it can have serious consequences, including death. Make sure you learn about the symptoms of dengue fever in children and how to treat it so that your little one can recover quickly from this seasonal illness.

Causes of DHF in children

Causes Of Dhf In Children
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Basically, anyone can suffer from dengue fever. Dengue fever in children and adults is caused by the dengue virus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The virus in the mosquito's body will be transmitted when the mosquito begins to bite and suck human blood.

The Aedes aegypti mosquito itself has different characteristics from other mosquitoes, so it is easy to distinguish. Generally, these mosquitoes are smaller and have black and white striped patterns on their bodies.

Aside from mosquito bites, there are several things that can cause dengue fever in children including:

  • Dirty environment
  • Many open water wells
  • Weak immune system

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Learn About The Symptoms Of Dengue Fever In Children And How To Treat It

Symptoms of DHF in children

Symptoms Of Dhf In Children
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As we explained previously, the symptoms of dengue fever in children are similar to fever or the common cold, so it is difficult to differentiate between them. However, there are several specific symptoms that indicate this disease. The most common symptoms of dengue fever in children are:

1. High temperature

The early and most common symptom of dengue fever in children is high fever. Usually, when infected with the dengue virus, children experience high fever of up to 40 degrees Celsius. This condition occurs for 2 to 7 days.

During this time, your child may also experience other symptoms, such as headaches and pain in the joints, muscles and bones. This combination of several symptoms makes dengue similar to the common cold or flu.

2. Headache

Apart from high body temperature, the next symptom of dengue fever in children is headache. The pain is different from a regular headache, in that the pain is more severe and can radiate to the back of the eye. This condition can make your child fussy and have trouble sleeping while they have dengue fever.

3. Joint, muscle and bone pain

For some people, dengue virus infection can cause pain or soreness in the joints, muscles, and bones. The resulting pain makes every activity you do feel uncomfortable. These symptoms also make DHF known as “bone fracture fever.”

Although adults usually suffer from this, joint, muscle and bone pain can also be a symptom of dengue fever in children which should not be ignored as it may cause discomfort to your little one.

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Learn About The Symptoms Of Dengue Fever In Children And How To Treat It

4. Red spots

The typical and easiest to spot symptom of dengue fever in children is the appearance of red spots. These spots appear on the skin all over the body, indicating a low number of platelets or platelets in the body.

5. Bleeding

Apart from the appearance of red spots, one of the symptoms of dengue fever in children that requires special treatment is bleeding. A low number of platelets in the body causes bleeding more easily.

Generally, bleeding in people with dengue fever occurs in the gum area and the surface of the skin, which resembles a bruise. Apart from this, it is also possible for blood to come out of the nose or what is commonly known as nosebleed.

If symptoms of red spots and bleeding appear, this means that your child has entered a critical stage and requires special treatment. Make sure to take your little one to a hospital or health facility to receive treatment from specialized medical staff.

Stages of DHF in children and adults

Stages Of Dhf In Children And Adults
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Dengue virus infection is divided into several stages that must be carefully observed to avoid the risk of death. The stages of dengue fever in children and adults are divided into 3 stages:

1. High fever stage (fever stage)

At this stage the new dengue virus enters and infects. Generally the body will respond with a high fever for 2 to 7 days. During this stage, your child will also feel pain in the joints, muscles, and bones.

If it gets worse, dengue fever symptoms in children may also appear, such as red spots. This is because the number of platelets in the body drops dramatically to less than 100,000 per microliter of blood within a short period, i.e. 2 to 3 days.

2. Critical phase (Critical phase)

Although it is called the critical phase, the state of the body at this stage can actually be misleading. This is because the fever and pain experienced by children tends to improve. The reason is that at first glance the child's condition appears to be improving and will recover soon.

However, if it is noticed further, the virus in the body begins to damage platelets and causes bleeding. This condition can cause fluctuations in blood pressure, and in severe cases it can cause damage to the kidneys and liver.

Other symptoms that may occur are stomach pain and persistent vomiting. At this stage, make sure that your little one is getting enough fluids to replace the fluids that come out and prevent dehydration that may worsen the body's condition.

3. Recovery phase

After passing the critical phase, your little one will move into the recovery phase where the amount of fluids in the body will begin to balance. In this flower, the platelets in the body also begin to increase and gradually return to normal.

The recovery phase generally occurs 48 to 72 hours after the critical phase, so it is important to maintain fluid intake. Avoid excessive fluid intake as it can cause pulmonary edema and heart failure.

How to treat dengue fever in children

How To Treat Dengue Fever In Children
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Basically, the most recommended way to treat dengue fever in children is to undergo inpatient treatment in a hospital or any other health facility. This method allows your child to be monitored by professional medical staff and receive the best care.

However, you can also do the following as a first step in treating dengue symptoms in children:

  • Complete rest (bed rest) as long as you still have a fever.
  • Providing a sufficient amount of fluids, i.e. 2 to 3 liters, to prevent dehydration.
  • Avoid giving soft drinks and caffeine.
  • Pressure on all parts of the body, especially the armpits, head and groin.
  • Giving fever-reducing medications to reduce fever and body pain.

Knowing the symptoms of dengue fever in children can not only speed up the recovery process but also prevent the disease from getting worse and causing death. Aside from being aware of the symptoms and knowing how to treat them, also make sure to keep the environment clean to prevent the Aedes aegypti mosquito from breeding.

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Global Health Organization. Dengue fever and severe dengue fever. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue

Mayo Clinic. Dengue fever. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20353078

National Institutes of Health. Dengue fever. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430732/


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