Solar eclipse types and timeline for 2024

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A solar eclipse is an interesting and rarely occurring celestial phenomenon. It is only seen a few times a year, and of course many people cannot wait to witness this celestial phenomenon.

In 2024 itself, a solar eclipse will occur twice at the beginning and end of the year. Are you curious about this unique and rare celestial phenomenon? Let's watch the information about the meaning, types and schedule of the 2024 solar eclipse until the end!

What is a solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse is a celestial phenomenon that occurs when the sun is obscured by another celestial body, such as the moon. This orb will produce a shadow that is divided into two parts, namely the primary shadow (umbra) and the additional shadow (penumbra).

The part of the Earth through which the shadow passes cannot see the Sun because its rays are completely blocked. At the same time, the area through which the partial shade passes is still able to see a little sunlight, so the sky appears as dark as it would at dusk.

Because it occurs during the day, the solar eclipse of course cannot be seen from all parts of the Earth. But only certain areas are crossed by the moon's shadow during an eclipse.

Types of solar eclipse

Strongly influenced by the position of the Moon, there are several types of solar eclipses that can occur. From totality to annular eclipse, here are the types of solar eclipses you can see in the sky.

1. Total solar eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse
Image source: CNN

A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon is between the sun and the Earth. This condition causes all visible parts of the sun to be completely covered. The part of the Earth that is affected by the shadow or primary shadow will see the Sun covered by the Moon's shadow and the sky becomes dark.

This event generally occurs for 2 hours with a total eclipse phase of only 7 minutes. Then the shadow will leave the sun and the sky will gradually return to its original light.

The small probability that the Moon will be able to completely cover the Sun makes a total solar eclipse very rare.

2. Partial solar eclipse

Partial Solar Eclipse
Image source: NASA

If the previous eclipse occurred on the part of the Earth covered in shadow, the partial solar eclipse can be seen on the part of the Earth covered in shadow or additional shadow. During a partial solar eclipse, the penumbra entering Earth will cover part of the sun's sphere.

In some cases, the shadow cannot reach the ground, so only the shadow covers the sun. This causes a partial solar eclipse without a total solar eclipse.

3. Circular solar eclipse

Annular Solar Eclipse
Image source: CNN

This type of solar eclipse occurs frequently and can be seen several times in the Indonesian sky. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the moon covers the sun at its farthest distance from the Earth. This causes the resulting shadow to cover only the center of the sun.

When an eclipse occurs, the center of the sun will appear to be covered by a black circle with its edges remaining visible. This light coming from the edge of the sun produces a thin circle around the moon that resembles a ring.

4. Hybrid solar eclipse

Hybrid Solar Eclipse
Baraka Source: NASA

A hybrid solar eclipse is the rarest type of eclipse. This is because this eclipse only occurs when an annular and total solar eclipse occurs simultaneously and sequentially.

This phenomenon, which can only be seen once every decade, occurs because the moon's shadow cannot touch parts of the Earth, so the eclipse begins with an annular eclipse. When the shadow successfully reaches the Earth's surface, the eclipse will turn into a total eclipse and then return to an annular eclipse.

A hybrid solar eclipse also allows each part of the Earth to see a different type of eclipse.

Solar eclipse schedule 2024

Therefore, one of the most anticipated natural phenomena is that in 2024 itself there will be many solar eclipses. The solar eclipse schedule for 2024 is as follows:

1. Total solar eclipse: April 8, 2024

A total solar eclipse will occur at the beginning of the year, specifically on April 9, 2024. According to the BMKG Almanac, this initial phenomenon is expected to have the longest duration, i.e. 3 hours. The total solar eclipse will occur from 23:38:52 to 02:55:35 WIB. Because it occurs at night, Indonesians cannot witness this natural phenomenon.

The areas expected to witness this solar eclipse are:

  • Most of Europe
  • Northeast Asia
  • Most of Australia
  • Most of Africa
  • north america
  • south america
  • Pacific
  • Atlantic
  • North Pole
  • Antarctica

2. Annular solar eclipse: October 2, 2024

The schedule for the second solar eclipse will occur on October 2, 2024. This natural phenomenon, included in the annular solar eclipse, will last for approximately 3 hours, from 23:50:38 to 03:39:15 WIB. The areas that can witness a lunar eclipse are:

  • Southern region of North America
  • Most of South America
  • Pacific
  • Atlantic
  • Antarctica

A solar eclipse is a celestial phenomenon that should not be missed. So be sure to note the schedule and eclipse time so you, Jacknoters, don't forget!

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